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Gamston Church of England Primary School

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Phonics and early reading

Phonics Teaching in Early Years and KS1

Here at Gamston Primary School phonics is taught as part of a broad and rich curriculum that engages children in a range of activities and experiences to develop their reading, writing and spelling. It is multi sensory encompassing the simultaneous visual, auditory and kinaesthetic experiences that are fun and engaging for all children. We use Letters and Sounds as our systematic scheme and this is taught to all children daily following the Letters and Sounds sequence of teaching and learning. The children are taught a 20-30 minute direct phonics session and then phonics knowledge and skills are reinforced and applied across the curriculum. In year 2 phonics skills are consolidated and then pupils move onto learning more complex spelling rules and conventions.

Phonics consist of


  • Identifying sounds in spoken word.
  • Recognising the common spelling in each phoneme.
  • Blending phonemes into words for reading.
  • Segmenting words into phonemes for spelling.

Phonic phases

Letters and sounds is split into different phases, here is where you will find information about each phase.


Phase one (Nursey)

Aspect One: Environmental Sounds

Aspect Two: Instrumental Sounds

Aspect Three: Body Percussion

Aspect Four: Rhythm and Rhyme

Aspect Five: Alliteration

Aspect Six: Voice Sounds

Aspect Seven: Oral Blending and Segmenting  



Phase Two  (Reception)

  • To introduce 19 grapheme- phoneme (letter sounds) correspondences.



Phase Three  (Reception)

  • To teach children one grapheme for each of the remaining 44 phonemes in order to read and spell simple regular words.


Phase Four (Reception and Year 1)

  • To teach children to read and spell words containing adjacent consonants.


Phase Five (Year 1 and 2)

  • To teach children to recognise and use alternative ways of pronouncing graphemes and spelling the phonemes already taught.  


Phase Six (Year 2)

  • Teaching children to develop their skill and automaticity in reading and spelling, creating ever-increasing capacity to attend to reading for meaning.






At Gamston we follow the ‘Letters and Sounds’ programme from Foundation Stage, through KS1 and into KS2, when appropriate. The programme focuses on securing word recognition skills, essential for children to decode (read) and encode (spell) words accurately and language comprehension.

The programme is carefully structured into developmental phases. Phonics sessions are delivered on a daily basis to help ensure that by the end of Key Stage 1 children develop fluent word reading skills and good foundations in spelling.

Reading Scheme

Our Reading Scheme includes a range of reading genres from the Oxford Reading Tree collections including Songbirds, Floppy Phonics, Biff, Chip and Kipper Stories, Traditional Tales, Treetops – Myths and Legends, True Stories, Classics, Graphic Novels and Non-fiction. The ORT scheme is supplemented by a books from a range of different publishers which are colour banded to ensure that every child has access to a reading book  that matches their developing phonics’ skills.

All children are able to take books home to read with an adult, this shared learning helps children to practise their reading skills and develop a lifelong love of reading.

As well as teaching the skills necessary to become confident readers, we have our own library full of exciting books which all pupils are able to borrow.